Ancient Greek Gods
The Myth of Sisyphus
by Albert Camus
The gods had condemned Sisyphus to ceaselessly rolling a rock to the top of a mountain, whence the stone would fall back of its own weight. They had thought with some reason that there is no more dreadful punishment than futile and hopeless labor.
If one believes Homer, Sisyphus was the wisest and most…[Read more]
The Anacreontea, Fragment 35 :
“Eros (Love) once failed to notice a bee that was sleeping among the roses, and he was wounded: he was struck in the finger, and he howled. He ran and flew to beautiful Kythere (Cytherea) [Aphrodite] and said, ‘I have been killed, mother, killed. I am dying. I was struck by the small winged snake that farmers call t…[Read more]
Hymn to Proserpine (After the Proclamation in Rome of the Christian Faith)
BY ALGERNON CHARLES SWINBURNE
I have lived long enough, having seen one thing, that love hath an end;
Goddess and maiden and queen, be near me now and befriend.
Thou art more than the day or the morrow, the seasons that laugh or that weep;
For these…[Read more]
The FUMIGATION from STORAX.
O Universal mother, Ceres fam’d
August, the source of wealth, and various nam’d: 2
Great nurse, all-bounteous, blessed and divine,
Who joy’st in peace, to nourish corn is thine:
Goddess of seed, of fruits abundant, fair, 5
Harvest and threshing, are thy constant care;
Who dwell’st in Eleusina’s seats…[Read more]
ἑστίη, ἥτε ἄνακτος Ἀπόλλωνος ἑκάτοιο
Πυθοῖ ἐν ἠγαθέῃ ἱερὸν δόμον ἀμφιπολεύεις,
αἰεὶ σῶν πλοκάμων ἀπολείβεται ὑγρὸν ἔλαιον:
ἔρχεο τόνδ᾽ ἀνὰ οἶκον, ἕν᾽ ἔρχεο θυμὸν ἔχουσα
5σὺν Διὶ μητιόεντι: χάριν δ᾽ ἅμ᾽ ὄπασσον ἀοιδῇ.
Day Three: Heireia Deuro!
“Bring Sacred Offerings!”
During Greece’s Classical Age, Day
Three was called Heireia Deuro! or “Bring
Sacred Offerings!”24 The official state
ceremonies in Athens, on the evening
following the day at the sea, included the
sacrifice of a suckling pig by each initiate,
as well as of other animals by officials, to be
used f…[Read more]
Day Two: Alade! Mystai!
“To the Sea, Initiates!”
On Day Two, initiates were heralded
early in the morning with the call, Alade!
Mystai! “To the Sea, Initiates!” Initiates,
with their teachers, families, and friends
paraded the handful of miles to the seashore
south of Athens, to the Bay of Phaleron.
This day was also called the Elasis, a day
THE GREATER MYSTERIES AT ELEUSIS
AMONG the cults of Greece none was more favorably known in the first century of the Christian era than the Eleusinian mysteries. Although it was more definitely localized and centralized than were the other Greek mysteries, this circumstance did not detract from either its reputation or its influence. Locally it…[Read more]
PLUTO, magnanimous, whose realms profound
Are fix’d beneath the firm and solid ground,
In the Tartarian plains remote from fight,
And wrapt forever in the depths of night;
Terrestrial Jove, thy sacred ear incline, 5 5
And, pleas’d, accept thy mystic’s hymn divine.
Earth’s keys to thee, illustrious king belong, 7
Its secret gates unlocking, deep…[Read more]
Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. 2. 3 – 5. 5. 1 (trans. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) :
“The Sikeliotai (Sicilians) who dwell in the island [Sicily] have received the tradition from their ancestors, the report having ever been handed down successively from earliest time by one generation to the next, that the island is sacred to…[Read more]
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